Istituto di Geoscienze e Georisorse     
Domeneghetti M., Fioretti A., Camara F., Molin G., Tazzoli V. Thermal history of ALH 84001 meteorite by Fe+2-Mg ordering in orthopyroxene. In: Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol. 42 (10) pp. 1703 - 1710. Meteoritical Society; University of Arizona. Dept. of Geosciences, 2007.
A single orthopyroxene crystal from the Martian meteorite Allan Hills (ALH) 84001 was studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and electron microprobe analysis (EMPA) to retrieve information about its thermal history. Both sets of data were used to measure the Fe2+-Mg order degree between the M1 and M2 sites expressed by the distribution coefficient kD. The 529 30C closure temperature (Tc) of the Fe2+-Mg ordering process of ALH 84001 orthopyroxene (Fs28) was calculated using Stimpfl (2005a, 2005b) lnkD versus 1/T equation obtained for intermediate iron sample. At this Tc, the orthopyroxene cooling rate, calculated by Ganguly's (1982) numerical method, was 0.1 C/day. This study puts new constraints on the last high-temperature thermal episode recorded by orthopyroxene. With reference to the geological history (Treiman 1998), we ascribe this episode to the I3 event, and we interpret the Tc of 529 C as a lower limit for this impact heating. Our data confirm that experimentally defined physical conditions for the formation of magnetite from decomposition of carbonates took place on the Martian surface during event I3.
URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1945-5100
Subject meteoorites
orthopyroxene crystal
thermal history
X-ray diffraction
electron microprobe analysis

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