Istituto di Geoscienze e Georisorse     
Massari F., Rio D., Serandrei Barbero R., Asioli A., Capraro L., Fornaciari E., Vergerio P. The environment of Venice area in the past two million years. In: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, vol. 202 (3-4) pp. 273 - 308. Elsevier, 2004.
A ca. 950 m thick succession that was continuously cored in 1971 in Venice has been revisited, in order to reconstruct the environmental history of the Venice area since about 2.15 Ma. Magnetic polarity stratigraphy, integrated with refined calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy, provides a firm chronostratigraphic framing of the succession. In order to improve the chronological resolution, we derived astrochronological refinements in the lower Pleistocene sapropel-bearing interval by a comparison with other time-correlative sections in the Mediterranean. The pollen record is used as a proxy of climatic changes and as an indirect tool in the chronological reconstruction in the upper part of the succession. The following history has been inferred: (1) in the late Gelasian (late Pliocene), the depositional area was a strongly subsiding shelf which shoaled to near sea level; (2) following a hiatus of a minimum duration of 0.2 Myr, encompassing most of the Olduvai Subchron, the shelf rapidly drowned to bathyal depths over the early Pleistocene (biozones MNN 19a to 19e: from 1.947 Ma to 0.96 Ma). This interval was characterized by starved sedimentation (less than 10 cm/kyr), represented by hemipelagic muds interbedded with sapropel layers; (3) during most of biozone MNN19f (Pseudoemiliania lacunosa Zone, 0.96-0.42 Ma) a thick package of turbidites was laid down as a result of massive terrigenous input from the eastern Southern Alps; (4) later, in the middle part of Chron 1n (Brunhes), deltaic sedimentation, primarily related to the progradation of the paleo-Po system, led to the progressive infill of the basin. This progradational episode was a major building phase, and ended with the first appearance of continental sediments, tentatively correlated with marine oxygen isotope substage 8.4; (5) the upper part of the succession shows a cyclic organization, with an upward increasing amount of marginal-marine and subaerial deposits. In this interval the Venice area was below sea level during glacioeustatic highstands but became emergent during subsequent major glacioeustatic lowstands. Pollen data support an overall good correspondence of continental sediment packages of sequences with glacial conditions and of maximum flooding intervals with interglacial conditions.
URL: http://https://www.journals.elsevier.com/palaeogeography-palaeoclimatology-palaeoecology/
Subject pleistocene
pollen analysis
sea level

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