Istituto di Geoscienze e Georisorse     
Chiodini G., Frondini F., Raco B. Diffuse emission of CO₂ from the Fossa crater, Vulcano Island (Italy). In: Bulletin of Volcanology, vol. 58 (1) pp. 41 - 50. Springer, 1996.
Numerous measurements of CO₂ degassing from the soil, carried out with the accumulation chamber method, indicate that in the period April–July 1995 the upper part of the Fossa cone released a total output of 200 t d¯¹ of CO₂, which corresponds to approximately 1000 t d¯¹ of steam. These large amounts of fluids are of the same order of magnitude as those released by the high temperature fumarolic field located inside the crater. The spatial distribution of soil gas fluxes shows that the main structures releasing CO₂ are the inner slopes of the crater and a NW–SE line, located NE of the crater rim, which correspond to the main direction of Vulcano Island active faults. The comparison of the φCO₂ maps with the soil temperature distribution, derived from both direct measurements and airborne infrared images, indicates the occurrence of extensive condensation of fumarolic steam within the upper part of the Fossa cone, whose total amount is comparable to the rainfall budget. Part of the condensate which originates from this process contributes to the recharge of the phreatic aquifer of Porto Plain, modifying the chemical and isotopic composition of the groundwater.
URL: http://www.springerlink.com/content/ajqyjmen5qx64bl7/?p=2ab57d73f76b470fb5b1c8c856401294&pi=3
DOI: 10.1007/s004450050124
Subject Carbon dioxide
soil degassing
thermal water
volcanic monitoring
Vulcano Island
volcanic surveillance

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