Istituto di Geoscienze e Georisorse     
Corazza E., Magro G., Ceccarelli A., Pieri S., Rossi U. Soil gas survey in the geothermal area of Bolsena lake (Vulsini Mts., central Italy). In: Geothermics, vol. 22 (3) pp. 201 - 214. Elsevier, 1993.
A soil gas survey has been carried out in the Vulsini Mts. Volcanic area, around Bolsena Lake, with the objective of testing the reliability of this geochemical method for geothermal exploration. The thermal gradient is high all over the area; the He/Ne ratio, and He, CO2 and H2 concentrations have been determinated in 259 samples (2 per km2, over an area of 130 km2). Compared with its surroundings, this area exhibits an overall positive CO2 anomaly, but the distribution of diffusive gases (He and H2) allows us to distinguish three different sectors around the lake: (1) a northern sector with the high CO2 and H2/ CO2, He/CO2, and He/Ne ratios close to the background value; (2) a south-eastern sector, characterized by the presence of cold fumaroles, with the high He, H2 and CO2 and He/Ne, and generally low H2/ CO2 and He/CO2; (3) a southern sector with generally atmospheric He and CO2 sand few high H2 and CO2 spots. Permeability is assumed to be the main factor controlling the differences between the above three sectors. In sectors 1, the flysch (1 km thick) is intruded by a great number of sills and dikes, and the underlying limestones are completely metamorphosed into marbles; CO2 (thermomethamorphic?) is the late stage of a heavy degassing process. Sector 2 includes several volcanic spatter cones along the tectonic trends; the high permeability allows the deep gases to be ducted with minor changes. Sector 3 is an elongated strip with an anti-Apennine trend; diffusion of H2 only is the result of the thick (3 km) unaltered flysch cover. In sector 3 the underground outflow to the lake through shallow volcanics entrains large quantities of air and masks any deep gases; the few anomalous spots reproduce situations like that sector 2. One of these spots is located near a producing well tapping the geothermal reservoir
URL: http://https://www.journals.elsevier.com/geothermics
Subject soil gas survey
geochemical methods
geothermal energy
Bolsena lake
Vulsini volcanic zone

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