Istituto di Geoscienze e Georisorse     
Atkinson P., Miller F., Marconcini R., Neri G., Celati R. Analysis of reservoir pressure and decline curves in Serrazzano zone, Larderello geothermal field. In: Geothermics, vol. 7 (2-4) pp. 133 - 144. Elsevier, 1978.
An estimate of reserves in the Serrazzano reservoir was obtained from mass balance studies and production decline curve analyses. The Serrazzano reservoir consists of a geometrically well-defined structural high of permeable formations separated from the other productive regions of the Larderello field. Deep drilling began in the 1930s and was limited to a small area exhibiting natural manifestations. After the second World War the area of drilling was extended to about 20 km2. Currently the drilling area is about the same. Even though the reservoir has been producing steam since the 1930s, a systematic collection of production data did not begin until after 1953. Data on average reservoir pressures were not available for the material balance calculations made in the study reported here. Calculated bottom hole pressures of shut-in wells were taken therefore to represent local static reservoir pressures. These pressures were used to calculate an “average reservoir pressure” which was graphed as a function of cumulative production. The reservoir pressure history corresponding to the first half of current cumulative production is not known. Data for the second half indicate a linear relationship between “reservoir pressure” and cumulative production. The conventional straight-line p/z vs cumulative production material balance relationship is known to be correct, of course, for closed single-phase gas reservoirs. The validity of this linearity for stream-producing systems with boiling water has not been proved. Regardless of this, the following observations were made: a line connecting the available data points extrapolated back to zero production indicates an initial reservoir pressure approximating at least 40 atm. Extrapolating the same data to zero reservoir pressure indicates the total initial steam in place to be about 170 × 106 tons. An empirical type-curve matching technique was applied to the production decline curves of wells in the reservoir. The curve for each well was extrapolated to infinite production time to obtain an estimate of total past and future production. Summing these values for all producing wells in the reservoir, an estimated total production (past and future) of 200 × 106 tons was obtained. The agreement between the estimated total production applying material balance principles and decline curve analyses is remarkably good. Although these results may be useful, further field and theoretical work are necessary to prove their validity.
URL: http://https://www.journals.elsevier.com/geothermics
Subject field thermodynamic conditions

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