Istituto di Fisiologia Clinica     
Fernandez M., Gastaldelli A., Triplitt C., Hardies J., Casolaro A., Petz R., Tantiwong P., Musi N., Cersosimo E., Ferrannini E., Defronzo R. A. Metabolic effects of muraglitazar in type 2 diabetic subjects. In: Diabetes Obesity & Metabolism, vol. 13 (10) pp. 893 - 902. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2011.
AIM: To assess the effect of muraglitazar, a dual peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)gamma-alpha agonist, versus placebo on metabolic parameters and body composition in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: Twenty-seven T2DM subjects received oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), euglycaemic insulin clamp with deuterated glucose, measurement of total body fat (DEXA), quantitation of muscle/liver (MRS) and abdominal subcutaneous and visceral (MRI) fat, and then were randomized to receive, in addition to diet, muraglitazar (MURA), 5 mg/day, or placebo (PLAC) for 4 months. RESULTS: HbA1c(c) decreased similarly (2.1%) during both MURA and PLAC treatments despite significant weight gain with MURA (+2.5 kg) and weight loss with PLAC (-0.7 kg). Plasma triglyceride, LDL cholesterol, free fatty acid (FFA), hsCRP levels all decreased with MURA while plasma adiponectin and HDL cholesterol increased (p < 0.05-0.001). Total body (muscle), hepatic and adipose tissue sensitivity to insulin and beta cell function all improved with MURA (p < 0.05-0.01). Intramyocellular, hepatic and abdominal visceral fat content decreased, while total body and subcutaneous abdominal fat increased with MURA (p < 0.05-0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Muraglitazar (i) improves glycaemic control by enhancing insulin sensitivity and beta cell function in T2DM subjects, (ii) improves multiple cardiovascular risk factors, (iii) reduces muscle, visceral and hepatic fat content in T2DM subjects. Despite similar reduction in A1c with PLAC/diet, insulin sensitivity and beta cell function did not improve significantly.
URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=21615671
Subject insulin secretion
insulin sensitivity

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