Istituto di Fisiologia Clinica     
Del Ry S., Cantinotti M., Cabiati M., Caselli C., Storti S., Prescimone T., Murzi B., Clerico A., Daniela G. Plasma C-type natriuretic peptide levels in healthy children. In: Peptides, vol. in press pp. xx - xx. Elsevier, 2011.
C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) is assuming increasing importance in cardiovascular disease, and in adults its plasma levels are related to clinical and functional disease severity. Data are scarce regarding the reference values for CNP in infancy. Aim of this study was to assess the reference intervals for CNP in human healthy newborns and infants. Plasma CNP was measured in 121 healthy children divided into: 41 newborns (age 0-3 days), 24 newborns (4-30 days), 22 infants (1-12 months) and 32 children (1-12 years). A group of 32 healthy adult subjects (age 641 years) was also studied. CNP was measured by a specific radioimmunoassay. Between- and within-assay variability resulted ≤30 and 20%, respectively and analytical sensitivity 0.770.05 pg/tube . Plasma CNP resulted significantly higher in children than in adult subjects (13.6 1.2 pg/ml vs 7.41.0 pg/ml, p = 0.030). When the results were analyzed as a function of the age the reference intervals for plasma CNP resulted: 11.62.1 pg/ml for newborns (0-3 days), 16.43.7 pg/ml for newborns (4-30 days), 15.42.7 pg/ml for infants (1-12 months), 13.62.3 pg/ml for children (1-12 years). [p=0.01 newborns (4-30 days) vs adults; p=0.03 infants (1-12 months) vs adults]. CNP showed the highest concentrations after 12 h of life with a peak between 4-5 days of life and with a progressive decline afterwards. According to these data at least five different reference intervals for CNP determinations should be used. These observation may be helpful for future clinical application of CNP in human children.
Subject C-type natriuretic peptide
Napriuretic peptide
healthy children

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