Istituto di Fisiologia Clinica     
Giannessi D., Caselli C., Del Ry S., Maltinti M., Pardini S., Turchi S., Cabiati M., Sampietro T., Abraham N., L'Abbate A., Neglia D. Adiponectin is associated with abnormal lipid profile and coronary microvascular dysfunction in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy without overt heart failure. In: Metabolism, vol. xx pp. xxx - xxx. Elsevier, 2010.
Reduced plasma adiponectin has been associated with abnormal lipid profile, reduced left ventricle (LV) function, and the extent of coronary atherosclerosis in coronary artery disease. The aim of this study was to assess these relationships in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) without overt heart failure. Plasma adiponectin was measured in 55 DCM patients (age, 59 +/- 12 years; male, 36; body mass index [BMI], 26.9 +/- 0.49 kg/m(2); LV ejection fraction, 39.8% +/- 1.3%; New York Heart Association class I-II) and in 40 age- and BMI-matched healthy controls. In a subset of 25 patients, myocardial blood flow (MBF) was measured at rest and during intravenous dipyridamole (0.56 mg/kg in 4 minutes) by positron emission tomography and (13)N-ammonia as a flow tracer. Adiponectin was 6.6 +/- 0.34 mug/mL in controls and 10.9 +/- 0.85 mug/mL in DCM patients (P < .001), where it was related inversely with BMI (P = .009) and directly with brain natriuretic peptide (P = .017), high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (P = .002), and MBF dipyridamole (P = .020). Adiponectin lesser than median value in patients was associated with higher total to HDL cholesterol ratio (4.8 +/- 0.24 vs 3.9 +/- 0.18, P = .009) and lower MBF reserve (1.76 +/- 0.16 vs 2.43 +/- 0.19, P = .01). These results could suggest that down-regulation of the adiponectin levels and reduced HDL cholesterol have a key role in causing impaired coronary function and myocardial perfusion in DCM.
Subject adiponectina
cardiomiopatia dilatativa

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