Istituto di Fisiologia Clinica     
De Caterina R., Giannessi D., Lazzerini G., Bernini W., Sicari R., Cupelli F., Lenzi S., Rugolotto M., Madonna R., Maclouf J. Sulfido-peptide leukotrienes in coronary heart disease - relationship with disease instability and myocardial ischaemia. In: European Journal of Clinical Investigation, vol. 40 (3) pp. 258 - 272. Wiley, 2010.
BACKGROUND: Urinary excretion of leukotriene (LT) E(4) is an index of LTC(4) biosynthesis and platelet-neutrophil interactions, which may occur in coronary heart disease and contribute to myocardial ischaemia. Enhanced LTC(4) biosynthesis may be a consequence of myocardial ischaemia or be linked to its pathogenetic substrate. METHODS AND RESULTS: Overnight urine collections were obtained from 17 patients with chronic stable angina, three patients with Prinzmetal's angina, 16 patients with non ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACS) and six patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). LTE(4) excretion was measured by enzyme immunoassay after HPLC separation. Compared with healthy controls (51.1 +/- 21.3 pg mg(-1) creatinine, mean +/- SD, n = 11) and with non-coronary cardiac controls (36.6 +/- 9.8 pg mg(-1) creatinine, n = 9), LTE(4) excretion was unchanged in stable angina (40.5 +/- 25.8 pg mg(-1) creatinine), but significantly (P < 0.01) increased in NSTE-ACS (122.7 +/- 137.2 pg mg(-1) creatinine) and STEMI (213.4 +/- 172.4 pg mg(-1) creatinine). In these patients, LTE(4) excretion rapidly dropped after day 1, consistent with effective coronary reperfusion. In patients with NSTE-ACS, the increase in LTE(4) excretion was entirely restricted to patients with recent (< 48 h) spontaneous anginal episodes. Myocardial ischaemia elicited by a positive exercise stress test was not accompanied by any detectable increase in LTE(4) excretion, while a significant (P < 0.01) increase was detected after a single-vessel percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) procedure (n = 10), as compared with diagnostic angiography (n = 9). CONCLUSIONS: In coronary heart disease, increased LTC(4) biosynthesis is restricted to ACS and not linked to myocardial ischaemia per se, but likely to the occurrence of plaque disruption.
Subject leucotrieni sulfido-peptidici, malattia coronarica, HPLC, ischemia miocardica

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