Istituto di Fisiologia Clinica     
L'Abbate A., Kusmic C., Matteucci M., Pelosi G., Navari A., Pagliazzo A., Longobardi P., Bedini R. Gas embolization of the liver in a rat model of rapid decompression. In: American Journal of Physiology-Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology, vol. 299 (2) pp. 673 - 682. American Physiological Society, 2010.
Occurrence of liver gas embolism after rapid decompression was assessed in 31 female rats that were decompressed in 12 min after 42 min of compression at 7 ATA (protocol A). Sixteen rats died after decompression (group I). Of the surviving rats, seven were killed at 3 h (group II), and eight at 24 h (group III). In group I, bubbles were visible in the right heart, aortic arch, liver, and mesenteric veins and on the intestinal surface. Histology showed perilobular microcavities in sinusoids, interstitial spaces, and hepatocytes. In group II, liver gas was visible in two rats. Perilobular vacuolization and significant plasma aminotransferase increase were present. In group III, liver edema was evident at gross examination in all cases. Histology showed perilobular cell swelling, vacuolization, or hydropic degeneration. Compared with basal, enzymatic markers of liver damage increased significantly. An additional 14 rats were decompressed twice (protocol B). Overall mortality was 93%. In addition to diffuse hydropic degeneration, centrilobular necrosis was frequently observed after the second decompression. Additionally, 10 rats were exposed to three decompression sessions (protocol C) with doubled decompression time. Their mortality rate decreased to 20%, but enzymatic markers still increased in surviving rats compared with predecompression, and perilobular cell swelling and vacuolization were present in five rats. Study challenges were 1) liver is not part of the pathophysiology of decompression in the existing paradigm, and 2) although significant cellular necrosis was observed in few animals, zonal or diffuse hepatocellular damage associated with liver dysfunction was frequently demonstrated. Liver participation in human decompression sickness should be looked for and clinically evaluated.
Subject liver embolism

Icona documento 1) Download Document PDF

Icona documento Open access Icona documento Restricted Icona documento Private


Per ulteriori informazioni, contattare: Librarian http://puma.isti.cnr.it

Valid HTML 4.0 Transitional