Istituto di Fisiologia Clinica     
Ciampi Q., Pratali L., Citro R., Piacenti M., Villari B., Picano E. Identification of responders to cardiac resynchronization therapy by contractile reserve during stress echocardiography. In: European Journal of Heart Failure, vol. 11 pp. 489 - 496. Oxford Journals, 2009.
Aims The identification of responders to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) remains a challenge. We assessed the role of dyssynchrony (DYS) and contractile reserve (CR) in identifying CRT responders. Methods and results Sixty-nine patients (55% with ischaemic aetiology) referred for CRT (ejection fraction 35%, New York Heart Association III, and QRS duration 120 ms) underwent baseline evaluation of DYS and dobutamine stress-echo [up to 40 mg/kg/min: CR was defined as a wall motion score index (WMSI) variation 0.20]. CRT responders were identified by clinical and/or echocardiographic [end-systolic volume (ESV) decrease 15%] follow-up criteria. During a median follow-up of 11 months, 46 patients (66%) were classified as clinical responders. Reverse remodelling was found in 34 of the 59 patients (58%) with echocardiographic follow-up. CR was present in 78% of clinical responders (P 0.001) and in 69% with reverse remodelling (P 0.005). DYS was equally present in the two groups. Reverse remodelling was correlated with rest-stress changes in ESV (r 0.439, P 0.003) and in WMSI (r 0.450, P 0.001), but not with DYS. CR (OR 6.2, 95% CI 1.4-27.6, P 0.015) was the best predictor of response to CRT. Conclusion Patients with CR show a favourable clinical and reverse LV remodelling response to CRT. This finding shifts the focus from electrical (dyssynchrony) to the myocardial substrate of functional response.
DOI: 10.1093/eurjhf/hfp039
Subject Echocardiography

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