Istituto di Fisiologia Clinica     
Del Turco S., Basta G., Lazzerini G., Evangelista M., Rainaldi G., Christensen J. H., Schmidt E. B., De Caterina R. Effect of the administration of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on circulating levels of microparticles in patients with a previous myocardial infarction. In: Haematologica, vol. 93 (6) pp. 892 - 899. Ferrata Storti Foundation, 2008.
Background: Increased levels of microparticles exposing tissue factor circulate in the blood of patients with coronary heart disease, possibly disseminating their pro-thrombotic and pro-inflammatory potential. Because diets rich in n-3 (polyunsaturated) fatty acids have been associated with reduced incidence of coronary heart disease-related events, we investigated the in vivo effects of treatments with n-3 fatty acids on levels of circulating microparticles and their tissue factor- dependent procoagulant activity in patients with a previous myocardial infarction. Design and Methods: Forty-six post-myocardial infarction patients were assigned to receive either 5.2 g of n-3 fatty acids daily (n=23) or an olive oil placebo (n=23) for 12 weeks. Circulating microparticles were isolated from peripheral blood. The number of microparticles, their cellular source and tissue factor antigen were determined by flow cytometry, and their procoagulant potential assayed by a fibrin generation test. Results: The total number of microparticles, endothelium-derived microparticles and microparticle tissue factor antigen were not significantly different between the two groups. However, the number of platelet-derived microparticles [from a median of 431 (126-1796, range) x10&sup6/L to a median of 226 (87-677, range)] x10&sup6/L and monocyte-derived microparticles [from a median of 388 (9-1681, range) x10&sup6/L to a median of 265 (7-984, range) x10&sup6/L] in plasma were significantly (p<0.05) decreased by n-3 fatty acids, while they were unchanged in the placebo group. Total microparticle tissue factor-procoagulant activity was also reduced in the n-3 fatty acid group compared to that in the placebo group. Conclusions: Treatment with n-3 fatty acids after myocardial infarction exerts favorable effects on levels of platelet- and monocyte-derived microparticles, thus possibly explaining some of the anti-inflammatory and anti-thrombotic properties of these natural compounds.
URL: http://www.haematologica.org/cgi/content/full/93/6/892
DOI: 10.3324/haematol.11845
Subject tissue factor
coronary heart disease

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