Istituto di Fisiologia Clinica     
Giannessi D., Colotti C., Maltinti M., Del Ry S., Prontera C., Turchi S., L'Abbate A., Neglia D. Circulating heat shock proteins and inflammatory markers in patients with idiopathic left ventricular dysfunction: their relationships with myocardial and microvascular impairment. In: Cell Stress & Chaperones, vol. 12 (3) pp. 265 - 274. Cell Stress International Society, 2007.
Little information is available on peripheral levels of Hsp72, Hsp60, and anti-Hsp60 antibodies in patients with left ventricular (LV) dysfunction due to non-atherosclerotic cardiac disease. In this study, serum Hsp72, Hsp60 and anti-Hsp60 antibodies, IL-6, and C-reactive protein (CRP) were measured in 44 healthy controls and in 82 patients with angiographically normal coronary arteries (LV ejection fraction [EF] > or = 50%, n=22; -35% to <50%, n=32; <35%, n=28). Patients with more severe disease (more depressed myocardial blood flow at rest and during dipyridamole, indicative of coronary microvascular impairment) showed more elevated circulating Hsp60 and auto-antibodies, Hsp72, and CRP levels. IL-6 was increased progressively as a function of severity of LV dysfunction. Anti-Hsp60 antibodies, Hsp72, and IL-6 were significantly correlated with brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels and LV end-diastolic dimensions (LVEDD) values. IL-6 tended to be related with Hsp72 in particular in patients with more severe disease (r = 0.45, P = 0.021). Hsp60 and Hsp72 activation and inflammatory markers were correlated with the extent of cardiac and microvascular dysfunction in patients with angiographycally normal coronary arteries. These results suggest a pathogenic role of infective-metabolic insult and inflammatory reaction in the development of vascular and myocardial damage in patients with heart failure even in the absence of overt coronary artery disease.
Subject Left ventricular dysfunction

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