Istituto di Fisiologia Clinica     
Nannelli A., Messina A., Marini S., Trasciatti S., Longo V., Gervasi P. G. Effects of the anticancer dehydrotarplatin on cytochrome P450 and antioxidant enzymes in male rat tissues. In: Archives of Toxicology, vol. 81 pp. 479 - 487. Springer-Verlag, 2007.
The effect of dehydrotarplatin (DTP),a new antineoplastic drug analogous to cisplatin,and its metabolite (Triacid)on the hepatic,renal and testicu- lar CYP and antioxidant enzymes of male rats was investigated.The rats were treated i.p.with a single dose of DTP (25 mg kg 1 day 1 )or Triacid (17.5mgkg 1 day 1 )and analysed 3 or 7 days post treatment.Three days after treatment,both drugs reduced body and liver weights,which partially recov- ered the control level after 7 days.DTP and,to a less extent,Triacid caused a depletion of plasmatic testos- terone content and a down regulation in the liver of androgen dependent male speci W c CYP 2C11,but not of CYP 1A and 2E1,as determined by a signi W cant decrease of 2 = and 16 = testosterone hydroxylase activities (markers for CYP 2C11)and of apoprotein immunoreactive with anti-rat CYP 2C11 antibodies. However,the activity of testicular 17 = progesterone hydroxylase,a key reaction in steroidogenesis,was not altered by these drugs.The DTP and Triacid adminis- tration did not cause any alteration of the plasmatic urea nitrogen and creatinine,known as markers of kid- ney toxicity.However,treatment with DTP,not Tri- acid,either 3 and 7 days post treatment,caused in the kidney microsomes a signi W cant increase of the total CYP content,the CYP 4A-dependent ( -and ( 1)-lauric acid hydroxylase activities and apoprotein immunoreactive with anti-rat CYP 4A1.The present study also examined the enzymatic antioxidant status of kidney and liver.Neither DTP nor Triacid adminis- tration induced,with respect to control values,any alteration of hepatic and renal glutathione reductase, glutathione S -transferase,catalase,superoxide dismu- tase activities,hepatic GSH level and renal microsomal lipid peroxidation level.Among the antioxidant enzymes assayed,only the renal activity of glutathione peroxidase was signi W cantly increased after DTP but not Triacid treatment.These results indicate that DTP at a dose of 25 mg/kg and Triacid cause a feminization of the CYP enzymes in male rat liver similar to that reported for cisplatin when administered at a low dose (5 mg/kg).However,unlike cisplatin,DTP and its metabolite were unable to enhance BUN and creati- nine and cause any depression of CYP activities and antioxidant enzymes in the kidney,suggesting that DTP may have low or even no potential in inducing nephrotoxicity.
URL: http://DOI 10.1007/s00204-007-0184-7
Subject Dehydrotarplatin
Hepatic, renal and testicular P450
Oxidative stress enzymes

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