Istituto di Fisiologia Clinica     
Rigo F., Sicari R., Gherardi S., Djordjevic-Dikic A., Cortigiani L., Picano E. Prognostic value of coronary flow reserve in medically treated patients with left anterior descending coronary disease with stenosis 51% to 75% in diameter. In: American Journal of Cardiology, vol. 100 (10) pp. 1527 - 1531. 10.1016/j.amjcard.2007.06.060. Elsevier, 2007.
According to American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association/Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions 2005 guidelines on percutaneous intervention, intracoronary physiologic measurement in the assessment of effects of intermediate coronary stenoses in patients with anginal symptoms is a class IIa indication. This study assessed the additional prognostic value of Doppler echocardiographically derived coronary flow reserve (CFR) in patients with single-vessel disease and intermediate stenosis severity. We enrolled 86 patients (44 men; 66 +/- 10 years of age) with angiographically assessed single-vessel coronary artery disease of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) with quantitatively assessed diameter stenosis severity 50% to 75%. All patients underwent dipyridamole (up to 0.84 mg/kg over 6 minutes) stress echocardiography with wall motion analysis by 2-dimensional echocardiography and CFR evaluation of the affected artery by Doppler. All patients were followed up for a median of 14 months (first quartile 10, third quartile 18) after diagnostic coronary angiography (without percutaneous intervention for a clinically driven decision). Mean diameter stenosis of the LAD was 58 +/- 10%. Mean CFR of the LAD was 2.09 +/- 0.5. Regional wall motion abnormality at peak stress was present in 17 patients. During follow-up, 24 events occurred: 6 nonfatal ST-elevation myocardial infarctions and 18 non-ST-elevation myocardial infarctions. Thirty-month spontaneous event-free survival was higher in patients with normal CFR and lower in patients with decreased CFR (86% vs 30%, p = 0.0001). At Cox analysis, a CFR <2 (hazard ratio 24.2, 95% confidence interval 3.2 to 179.7, p = 0.002) was the only independent prognostic predictor of outcome. In conclusion, in medically treated patients with single-vessel disease of intermediate severity, decreased CFR is associated with a worse outcome.
Subject Echocardiography

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