Istituto di Fisiologia Clinica     
Cortigiani L., Sicari R., Desideri A., Bigi R., Bovenzi F., Picano E. Dobutamine stress echocardiography and the effect of revascularization on outcome in diabetic and non-diabetic patients with chronic ischemic left ventricular dysfunction. In: European Journal of Heart Failure, vol. 9 (10) pp. 1038 - 1043. Elsevier, 2007.
AIM: To evaluate the interaction between prognostic effect of revascularization and viability in diabetic and non-diabetic patients with ischaemic left ventricular dysfunction. METHODS: 612 patients with angiographically proven coronary artery disease and left ventricular ejection fraction <35% underwent dobutamine stress echocardiography to assess viability (peak-rest wall motion score index >0.4). 262 patients (75 diabetics, 187 non-diabetics) underwent revascularization and 350 (88 diabetics, 262 non-diabetics) were on medical therapy. RESULTS: During follow-up 215 patients died. Independent predictors of mortality in revascularized patients were resting left ventricular ejection fraction (HR=0.93, 95% CI 0.89-0.97, p<0.0001), Delta WMSI>40 (HR=0.44, 95% CI 0.23-0.85, p=0.01), and age (HR=1.03, 95% CI 1.00-1.06, p=0.04). In medically treated patients, independent predictors of mortality were diabetes mellitus (HR=1.64, 95% CI 1.13-2.38, p=0.009), number of diseased vessels (HR=1.27, 95% CI 1.03-1.56, p=0.02), and age (HR=1.02, 95% CI 1.00-1.04, p=0.03). In revascularized patients, 4-year mortality was 15% in those with viability and 26% in those without viability (p=0.04), there was no difference between diabetics and non-diabetics (24% vs 22%; p=0.24). CONCLUSIONS: Viability at dobutamine stress echocardiography independently predicts improved outcome following revascularization in non-diabetics as well as diabetic patients with ischaemic left ventricular dysfunction.
URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/13889842
Subject Dobutamine stress echocardiography

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