Istituto di Fisiologia Clinica     
Andreassi M. G., Venneri L., Picano E. Cardiac imaging: The biological effects of diagnostic cardiac ultrasound. In: Progress in Biophysics & Molecular Biology, vol. 93 (1-3) pp. 399 - 410. Elsevier, 2007.
Diagnostic cardiac ultrasounds are an environment-friendly and non-ionising imaging technology. However, ultrasounds are not biologically inert, and their use might have profound clinical impact. This paper summarizes the known effects of cardiac ultrasound—compared to other major imaging techniques—to exposed patients and to clinically exposed physicians practising ultrasound imaging. Furthermore, this review also provides an overview of the evidences on the biological effects of diagnostic ultrasound—which suggest that ultrasound with frequency, intensity and duration fully in the diagnostic range have significant molecular, cellular and organ effects. A better understanding of these effects may improve our understanding of the complex interactions between ultrasound and biological tissues and may open new avenues to therapeutic applications based on the ultrasound-modulated cell functions, such as membrane transduction, apoptosis, cell permeability and thrombolysis.
URL: http://scienceserver.cilea.it/pdflinks/07021214233219619.pdf
Subject Diagnostic cardiac ultrasound
Diagnostic cardiac ultrasound

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