PUMA
Istituto di Fisiologia Clinica     
Carpi A., Mechanick J., Nicolini A., Rubello D., Iervasi G., Bonazzi V., Giardino R. Thyroid nodule evaluation: what have we really learned from recent clinical guidelines?. In: British Journal of Cancer, vol. 95 pp. 204 - 209. Elsevier (ed.). 2006 Cancer Research UK, 2006.
 
 
Abstract
(English)
Recent guidelines for the evaluation of thyroid nodules clarify the diagnostic algorithm while also reporting important differences. The performance of fine needle aspiration (FNA) for cytological examination follows serum TSH determination and thyroid ultrasonography. Thyroid scintigraphy is recommended following a low TSH value and/or FNA yielding an indeterminate follicular cytology. The use of thyroid ultrasonography is the source of some controversy: though it is recommended as a principal first test, its real-time use to guide FNA ranges from routine to only following an FNA yielding an inadequate or nondiagnostic cytological result. In clinical practice, the proportion of physicians utilizing ultrasonography, scintigraphy and FNA varies and frequently deviates from recommended guidelines. The development of guidelines is necessary to bring about consistency and optimization to the diagnostic work-up of thyroid nodules. It is likely that novel diagnostic procedures, such as molecular markers, large needle aspiration biopsy and thyroid imaging with tracers beyond conventional radioactive iodine or (99m)Tc pertechnetate, will lead to improved performance and implementation of guidelines.
URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6VKN-4KJV20V-1&_user=5511047&_coverDate=09%2F30%2F2006&_rdoc=1&_fmt=&_orig=search&_sort=d&view=c&_acct=C000061181&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=5511047&md5=1afd36bd8e8428704c4effd08b2d3942
Subject thyroid cancer
galectin-3
pre-operative diagnosis
immunoistochemistry
cell block techniques


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