Istituto di Fisiologia Clinica     
Kocinaj D., Cioppa A., Ambrosini G., Tesorio T., Salemme L., Sorropago G., Rubino P., Picano E. Radiation dose exposure during cardiac and peripheral arteries catheterisation. In: International Journal of Cardiology, vol. 113 pp. 283 - 284. Elsevier Inc, 2006.
Background Ionising radiation carries an oncogenic risk which is linearly related to the dose. An estimation of the effective dose can be obtained from the measurements of the dose-area product (DAP), which is a measure of stochastic risk and a potential quality indicator. Aim To assess radiation exposure of patients in a large volume cardiac cath-lab. Methods A retrospective analysis of adult cardiac and peripheral percutaneous procedures (April to December 2004) was carried out to determine the DAP and estimated risk of malignancy. We identified 6 groups: Group 1 (n = 100, coronary angiography and ventriculography); Group 2 (n = 50, carotid stenting); Group 3 (n = 50, aortography + coronary angiography + ventriculography); Group 4 (n = 100, inferior extremities angiography + predilatation and stenting); Group 5 (n = 100, coronary angiography + ventriculography + direct coronary stenting); Group 6 (n = 100, coronary angiography + ventriculography + coronary predilation and stenting). Dose-area product meter attached on the X-ray unit was used for the estimation of the radiation dose received by the patient during the procedures. Results DAP values (mean S.D.) ranged from 41 30 Gy cm2 in Group 1 (lowest) to 118 89 Gy cm2 in Group 6 (highest). Within each group, individual radiation exposure varies substantially: from 11 to 200 Gy cm2 in Group 1, and from 30 to 733 Gy cm2 in Group 6 patients. Average exposure in a Group 6 patient corresponds to a risk of mortality from a malignancy of about 1 in 1000. Conclusion The radiation dose varies substantially across different types of procedures and up to tenfold within the same procedure. The enhanced knowledge of radiation dose might help the cardiologist to implement radiation sparing procedures eventually minimizing patient and operator radiation hazards in invasive cardiology.
URL: http://scienceserver.cilea.it/cgi-bin/sciserv.pl?collection=journals&journal=01675273&issue=v113i0002&article=283_rdedcapac&form=pdf&file=file.pdf
Subject Radiation

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