Istituto di Fisiologia Clinica     
Giovannetti G., Hartwig V., Francesconi R., Landini L., Benassi A. Study for a portable IR sensor to detect the blood temperature during coronary bypass implantation. In: Review of Scientific Instruments, vol. 76 article n. 084302. American Institute of Physics, 2005.
The objective of this research was to investigate the possibility of using an infrared prototype device for the detection of the blood temperature during a surgical operation for coronary bypass implantation. The correlation between the fluid temperature time behavior and the fluid flow rate was demonstrated. Each blood vessel acts like a thermal wave emitter, so the amount of heat is proportional to the blood flow detected by the IR sensor. The idea was to design a low cost portable device with the advantage that it can be placed near the region of interest. We chose a pyroelectric sensor for its high-quality cost ratio. Because this kind of sensor detects only a variable infrared source, we used an electromechanical chopper for modulating the radiation. It consists of an electronic shutter whose opening speed is controlled by an astable multivibrator. The output signal was analyzed using a dedicated electronic circuit including a bandpass filter and an amplifier; then an acquisition board was employed for capturing and displaying the signal using a PC. Prototype assessment was made with laboratory equipment and in vivo measurements were made during surgical operation on a small pig.
DOI: 10.1063/1.2005487
Subject coronary bypass
IR sensor

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