Istituto di Fisiologia Clinica     
Mazza A., Bossone E., Mazza F., Distante A. Reduced serum homocysteine levels in type 2 diabetes. In: Nutrition, Metabolism & Cardiovascular Diseases, vol. 15 pp. 118 - 124. Elsevier, 2005.
Summary Objective: To assess the contribution of fasting blood glucose and methylene-tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene polymorphism on fasting serum homocysteine (tHcy) levels in patients with uncomplicated type 2 diabetes compared with healthy subjects. Methods and results: We studied 105 type 2 diabetic patients without cardiovascular complications or diabetic nephropathy (55 males, 50 females, mean age 53G10 years, mean duration of diabetes 11.4G8 years) and 120 age- and sexmatched control subjects (65 males, 55 females, mean age 52+/-8 years). tHcy and other biochemical variables were measured. The C677T MTHFR gene polymorphism was determined by analysis of HinfI restriction fragment length polymorphism tHcy levels were significantly lower in diabetic patients compared with control subjects (7.7G2.2 vs. 11.8 G4.5 mmol/l, P<0.0001). In both patients and control subjects, homocysteinemia was higher in men than in women (8.4G2.6 vs. 7.3G2.0 mmol/l, P<0.03, and 13.0G5.3 vs. 10.4G2.6 mmol/l, P<0.0001, respectively). Levels were slightly higher in subjects with the mutated Val/Val genotype compared with the Ala/Val plus Ala/Ala genotypes in both diabetic patients (P!0:02) and control subjects (P!0:003). On simple regression analysis, tHcy was inversely related with blood glucose levels (P<0.02) and directly with sex (P<0.04) in diabetic patients, and with sex (P<0.0001), age (P<0.02), BMI (P<0.03), systolic and diastolic blood pressure (P<0.0004 and P<0.0002), uric acid and creatinine (P<0.0001 and P<0.0003) in control subjects. On multiple regression, tHcy levels were associated with sex (P<0.03) and glucose levels (P<0.04) in diabetic patients, and with uric acid (P<0.002) and MTHFR genotype (P<0.03) in control subjects.
Subject Diabetes

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