PUMA
Istituto di Fisiologia Clinica     
Bombardini T., Agrusta M., Natsvlishvili N., Solimene F., Pap R., Coltorti F., Varga A., Mottola G., Picano E. Noninvasive assessment of left ventricular contractility by pacemaker stress echocardiography. In: European Journal Heart Failure, vol. 07 (02) pp. 173 - 181. The European Society of Cardiology, 2005.
 
 
Abstract
(English)
BACKGROUND: Estimating contractility of the left ventricle with noninvasive techniques is an important yet elusive goal. Positive inotropic interventions are mirrored by smaller end-systolic volumes and higher end-systolic pressures. An increased heart rate progressively increases the force of ventricular contraction (Bowditch treppe or staircase phenomenon). AIM: To assess the feasibility of a noninvasive estimation of force-frequency relation (FFR) during pacing stress in the echo lab in patients with permanent pacemaker (PM). METHODS: Transthoracic stress pacing echocardiography was performed in 26 patients with a permanent pacemaker (age 69+/-11 years; 21 men, 5 women). Seven patients had normal function at baseline and during stress ("normals"); eight had angiographically assessed coronary artery disease (three with and five without induced ischemia with stress echo); eleven patients had dilated cardiomyopathy (DC). To build the FFR, the force was determined at different steps as the ratio of the systolic pressure (SP, cuff sphygmomanometer)/end-systolic volume index (ESV, biplane Simpson rule/body surface area). Heart rate was determined from ECG. RESULTS: The absolute value of the FFR slope was highest in controls and lowest in DC patients. A flat-downsloping FFR was found in 12/19 patients but not for normals (p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Noninvasive pacemaker stress echocardiography (PASE) is a simple and efficient option to assess left ventricular (LV) contractility in patients with permanent pacemaker.
Subject ventricular
pacemaker
Stress echocardiography


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