Istituto di Fisiologia Clinica     
Mari A., Gastaldelli A., Foley J. E., Pratley R. E., Ferrannini E. -Cell Function in Mild Type 2 Diabetic Patients. In: Diabetes Care, vol. 28 (05) pp. 1132 - 1138. The American Diabetes Association, 2005.
OBJECTIVE-We studied the effects of the oral insulin secretagogue nateglinide on insulin secretion using a modeling approach to obtain -cell function parameters from a meal test and examined the impact of the -cell improvement on glucose tolerance. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS-Mild type 2 diabetic men and women (n = 108; fasting glucose 7.0-8.3 mmol/l) on diet treatment alone randomly received 30, 60, or 120 mg nateglinide or placebo for 24 weeks. -Cell function parameters were derived by modeling (based on C-peptide deconvolution) from a standardized meal test at baseline and after 24 weeks of treatment. RESULTS-The baseline demographic and metabolic characteristics of the four groups were similar. Nateglinide treatment resulted in dose-dependent reductions in the mean postprandial glucose response and at the 120-mg dose in fasting glucose. Fasting or total insulin secretion during the meal were not different. In contrast, we found differences in the model parameters. Rate sensitivity (expressing early insulin secretion when glucose is rising) was significantly enhanced at 24 weeks with the lowest nateglinide dose, with no further stimulation at higher doses. Early potentiation (expressing an initial insulin secretion enhancement), glucose sensitivity (the slope of the glucose-insulin secretion relationship), and insulin secretion at a fixed- reference 7-mmol/l glucose concentration all showed a trend toward increasing, with increasing nateglinide dose, and were significantly greater than placebo at the 120-mg dose. In multiple regression analyses, changes in rate sensitivity, glucose sensitivity, and potentiation all contributed to the observed glucose changes. CONCLUSIONS-The model-derived parameters are sensitive measures of -cell function, showing improvements after nateglinide treatment and predicting changes in glucose tolerance.
URL: http://care.diabetesjournals.org/cgi/reprint/28/5/1132
Subject OGIS
oral glucose
insulin sensitivity

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