PUMA
Istituto di Fisiologia Clinica     
Pingitore A., Landi P., Taddei M. C., Ripoli A., L'Abbate A., Iervasi G. Triiodothyronine levels for risk stratification of patients with chronic heart failure. In: American Journal of Medicine, vol. 118 pp. 132 - 136. Elsevier Inc, 2005.
 
 
Abstract
(English)
PURPOSE: We sought to explore the use of triiodothyronine (T(3)) concentrations as an adjunct to clinical and functional parameters when estimating prognosis in patients with chronic heart failure. METHODS: We enrolled 281 patients with postischemic (n = 153) or nonischemic (n = 128) dilated cardiomyopathy. Total and free T(3) concentrations, and traditional clinical and functional cardiac parameters, were measured 2 to 5 days after hospital admission. A multivariate model was utilized to predict all-cause and cardiac mortality. RESULTS: All-cause mortality was 23% (n = 64) after a mean (+/-SD) of 12 +/- 7 months of follow-up; 47 (73%) of the patients died from cardiac causes. The mean ejection fraction was lower in those patients who died than in those who survived (26% +/- 8% vs. 31% +/- 8%, P < 0.001), as were levels of total T(3) (1.0 +/- 0.4 nmol/L vs. 1.3 +/- 0.3 nmol/L, P < 0.001) and free T(3) (3.2 +/- 1.4 pmol/L vs. 3.7 +/- 1.0 pmol/L, P < 0.001). In a multivariate model, ejection fraction (odds ratio [OR] = 2.0 per 10% decrease; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.4 to 2.8 per 10% decrease; P < 0.001) and total T(3) level (OR = 0.3 per 1-nmol/L increase; 95% CI: 0.1 to 0.5 per 1-nmol/L increase; P < 0.001) were the only independent predictors of all-cause mortality. In an alternative model using free T(3) levels, ejection fraction (OR = 1.9; 95% CI: 1.4 to 2.7; P < 0.001) and free T(3) level (OR = 0.6 per 1 pmol/L; 95% CI: 0.5 to 0.8 per 1 pmol/L; P <0.02) were associated with all-cause mortality. When we considered cardiac mortality alone, male sex (OR = 3.5; 95% CI: 1.7 to 13; P < 0.04), ejection fraction (OR = 1.7; 95% CI: 1.2 to 2.5; P < 0.006), and total T(3) level (OR = 0.3; 95% CI: 0.2 to 0.7; P < 0.002) were independent predictors with the multivariate model. CONCLUSION: Low T(3) levels are an independent predictor of mortality in patients with chronic heart failure, adding prognostic information to conventional clinical and functional cardiac parameters.
URL: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0002-9343(04)00657-6
Subject Chronic heart faiure
Prognosis
Thyroid hormone
Heart Diseases [C14.280]
Thyroid Diseases [C19.874]


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