Istituto di Fisiologia Clinica     
Sbrana S., Parri M. S., De Filippis R., Gianetti J., Clerico A. Monitoring of monocyte functional state after extracorporeal circulation: A flow cytometry study. In: Cytometry Part B-Clinical Cytometry, vol. 58B pp. 17 - 24. Wiley & Sons, 2004.
Background Cardiovascular surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) induces systemic inflammation and postoperative complications depending on pro- and anti-inflammatory mechanisms. Activated polymorphonuclear cells and monocytes may be responsible for morbidity associated with CPB. Knowledge of the monocyte functional state in particular may help to develop protective interventions. Methods Samples were drawn from venous peripheral blood (basal condition, at 4 and 24 h after CPB) and coronary blood (before and after cardioplegic arrest) of 14 patients undergoing cardiac surgery. The following phenotypic and functional parameters of the monocyte population were studied by flow cytometry: surface molecules expression (CD18, CD11a, CD11b, CD14, CD15, CD45, HLA-DR, and Toll-like receptor [TLR]-4), myeloperoxidase (MPO) content, and intracellular cytokine production (tumor necrosis factor [TNF]-, interleukin [IL]-1, IL-6, and IL-8). Results Cardiac surgery with CPB induced down-modulation of surface molecules expression on peripheral monocytes, especially at 24 h after CPB, for CD18, CD11a, and CD11b (P < 0.003) and for the CD15 adhesive cluster (P = 0.0028) and HLA-DR (P < 0.001). At 4 h after CPB, downregulation was observed for CD14 (P = 0.004), CD45 (P = 0.014), and CD15 (P = 0.0056). A loss of MPO was detected in venous peripheral (at 24 h after CPB, P = 0.01) or coronary (at reperfusion, P < 0.02) blood. The CD15 cluster complex exhibited a down-modulation in coronary blood (at reperfusion, P = 0.0003). Spontaneous intracellular production of IL-1, IL-6, and IL-8 decreased at 24 h after CPB (P < 0.05). Conclusions The down-modulation of integrins and adhesive receptor expression and the loss of MPO suggest a strong activation and shedding reaction of circulating monocyte after CPB, further exacerbated by contact with coronary ischemic vessels. The changes of differentiation antigens may reflect the appearance of a partially immature population immediately after CPB. The reduced proinflammatory cytokine production, observed at 24 h after CPB, suggests a functional polarization of circulating monocytes.
URL: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/fulltext/106571334/PDFSTART
Subject cardiac surgery
cardiopulmonary bypass
flow cytometry

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