Istituto di Fisiologia Clinica     
Bortolato S., Zanovello A., Rugge M., Brotto M., Marini S., Gervasi P. G., Manno M. Trifluoroacetylated proteins in liver and plasma of guinea pigs treated with HCFC-123 and halothane. In: Toxicology Letters, vol. 144 pp. 35 - 47. Elsevier Inc, 2003.
Trifluoroacetylated (TFA)-protein adducts were investigated by immunoblotting in liver and plasma of guinea pigs treated with the hepatotoxic anaesthetic halothane or the chlorofluorocarbon replacement 1,1-dichloro-2,2,2-trifluoroethane (HCFC-123). Male outbred Hartley guinea pigs (320-400 g) were administered HCFC-123 (1, 5, 10 and 15 mmol/kg b.w.) or halothane (positive control, 10 mmol/kg b.w.) i.p. in corn oil. Blood and liver samples were collected 24 h after administration of HCFC-123 or halothane. Immunoreactive bands were demonstrated in liver microsomes at all HCFC-123 and halothane concentrations, and in plasma of animals treated with 10 and 15 mmol/kg b.w. HCFC-123 and 10 mmol/kg b.w. halothane, while no alteration of microsomal P450 content or monooxygenase activities markers of the P450 2A, 2E1 and 2B isoforms was observed. Instead, when HCFC-123 was administered at doses of 1 and 5 mmol/kg b.w., the 2E1-dependent p-nitrophenol hydroxylase activity was enhanced. The presence of TFA-proteins in plasma was always associated with hepatic damage. However, mild liver damage in some animals treated with 1 or 5 mmol/kg b.w. HCFC-123 was not associated with the presence of TFA-proteins in plasma. This indicates a lower threshold dose for the appearance of TFA-proteins or damage in the liver (1 mmol/kg b.w.) than for the presence of TFA-proteins in plasma (10 mmol/kg b.w.), thus suggesting that the presence of TFA-proteins in plasma may be the result of liver damage.
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Subject Trifluoroacetylated-protein
Cytochrome P450

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