Istituto di Fisiologia Clinica     
Cerillo A. G., Murzi B., Giusti S., Crucean A., Redaelli S., Vanini V. Pulmonary artery banding and ventricular septal defect enlargement in patients with univentricular atrioventricular connection and the aorta originating from an incomplete ventricle. In: European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, vol. 22 pp. 192 - 199. Elsevier Inc, 2002.
Background: In patients with univentricular atrioventricular connection and the aorta originating from an incomplete ventricle, subaortic stenosis is generally due to a restrictive ventricular septal defect (RVSD), that may be present at birth or develop after palliative procedures. In particular, a primary role in the genesis of the RVSD has been ascribed to pulmonary artery banding (PAB). The aim of this paper is to analyse the possible risk factors for the development of an RVSD, including PAB, and the results of one of the proposed procedures for treatment of this condition (RVSD enlargement). Methods: We retrospectively reviewed clinical records and outpatient records of 24 consecutive patients with univentricular atrioventricular connection and the aorta originating from the incomplete ventricle that received their first treatment at our institution from January 1991 to April 2000. The variables age, sex, weight, diagnosis, surgical procedures, associated anomalies, associated surgical procedures, were considered. Results: Four patients (16.7%) had absent left atrioventricular connection, seven (29.7%) had absent right atrioventricular connection and discordant ventriculo-arterial connection, and 13 (54.7%) had double inlet left ventricle and discordant ventriculo-arterial connection. Five patients (20.8%) had associated coarctation or hypoplasia of the aorta, and eight (33.3%) had pulmonary stenosis or atresia. Median age at the first operation was 7.5 days (range: 1-376). Median weight was 3.5 kg (range: 1.9-6.3). Seventeen patients underwent pulmonary artery banding, one underwent a Damus-Kaye-Stansel connection, one received a Glenn shunt and five a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt. Early mortality was 12.5%. The only variable associated with operative mortality was the presence of coarctation or hypoplasia of the aorta (P=0.004). Ten patients (41.6%) developed subaortic stenosis. None of the tested variables, including pulmonary artery banding, was associated with the development of subaortic stenosis. Subaortic stenosis was due to a restrictive VSD in eight patients, six of whom underwent direct VSD enlargement by muscular resection and are well at last follow-up (four complete repairs). None of the procedures was complicated by complete heart block. In two cases subaortic stenosis was treated by a Damus-Kaye-Stansel connection. A single patient died during follow-up, and 11 patients have achieved a complete one-ventricle repair. Conclusion: In our experience, pulmonary artery banding was not associated with an increased risk of developing an RVSD. VSD enlargement proved to be safe and effective for treatment of subaortic stenosis due to an RVSD.
URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=MImg&_imagekey=B6T35-461XR3R-1-C&_cdi=4937&_user=10&_orig=search&_coverDate=08%2F31%2F2002&_sk=999779997&view=c&wchp=dGLzVlz-zSkWz&md5=3e8c472392905a75aca688acd8cdaa80&ie=/sdarticle.pdf
Subject Single ventricle
Pulmonary artery banding
VSD enlargement

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