PUMA
Istituto di Fisiologia Clinica     
Fattori B., Nacci A., Casani A., Cristofani R., Sagripanti A. Hemostatic alterations in patients with acute, unilateral vestibular paresis. In: Otolaryngology and head and neck surgery, vol. 124 pp. 401 - 407. American Academy Of Otolaryngology, 2001.
 
 
Abstract
(English)
OBJECTIVES: The etiopathogenesis of acute unilateral peripheral vestibulopathy (APV) still remains a matter of debate; ischemic changes in the circulation of the labyrinth may play a role. We consequently looked for possible hemostasis alterations in a group of patients with APV of an unknown nature. METHODS: We evaluated blood parameters known to be involved in circulation disorders, including total and HDL cholesterol, triglycerides, apolipoprotein A and B, lipoprotein(a), homocysteine, folate, prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, fibrinogen, D-dimer, antithrombin III, protein C, protein S, activated protein C resistance, and anticardiolipin IgG and IgM antibodies. A series of 23 patients affected with APV were consecutively referred to our department, in the acute phase, before treatment, and in the follow-up phase after 4 to 6 weeks of pharmacologic washout. The aforementioned blood parameters were also measured in a series of 15 patients with Meniere's disease. RESULTS: The patients with APV in the acute phase compared with the patients with Meniere's disease in the acute phase exhibited increased plasma levels of fibrinogen (mean, 338.3 +/- 135.9 SD vs 271.3 +/- 69.8 SD mg/dL, P = 0.05), increased plasma levels of D-dimer (mean, 320 +/- 207.8 SD vs 226.7 +/- 138.7 SD NG/mL), enhanced plasma levels of lipoprotein(a) (41.4 +/- 38.6 SD vs 16 +/- 18.2 SD mg/dL, F = 5.67, P = 0.02), high leukocyte count (9.1 +/- 2.7 SD vs 6.5 +/- 1.3 SD x 10(3)/microL; F = 8.42, P < 0.006), and low serum folate concentration (5.3 +/- 1.8 SD vs 7.1 +/- 2.7 NG/mg; F = 4.34, P = 0.04). During follow-up the prothrombin time was prolonged (F = 4.34, P = 0.04) and leukocyte count decreased (F = 7.39, P < 0.019) in the APV patients, whereas fibrinogen, D-dimer, lipoprotein(a), and folate were unchanged. CONCLUSION: Our results provide evidence suggesting an involvement of the hemostatic system in APV.
Subject Hemostatic
patients
paresis


Icona documento 1) Download Document PDF


Icona documento Open access Icona documento Restricted Icona documento Private

 


Per ulteriori informazioni, contattare: Librarian http://puma.isti.cnr.it

Valid HTML 4.0 Transitional