Istituto di Fisiologia Clinica     
Fattori B., Nacci A., Casani A., Cristofani R., Sagripanti A. Hemostatic alterations in patients with acute, unilateral vestibular paresis. In: Otolaryngology and head and neck surgery, vol. 124 pp. 401 - 407. American Academy Of Otolaryngology, 2001.
OBJECTIVES: The etiopathogenesis of acute unilateral peripheral vestibulopathy (APV) still remains a matter of debate; ischemic changes in the circulation of the labyrinth may play a role. We consequently looked for possible hemostasis alterations in a group of patients with APV of an unknown nature. METHODS: We evaluated blood parameters known to be involved in circulation disorders, including total and HDL cholesterol, triglycerides, apolipoprotein A and B, lipoprotein(a), homocysteine, folate, prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, fibrinogen, D-dimer, antithrombin III, protein C, protein S, activated protein C resistance, and anticardiolipin IgG and IgM antibodies. A series of 23 patients affected with APV were consecutively referred to our department, in the acute phase, before treatment, and in the follow-up phase after 4 to 6 weeks of pharmacologic washout. The aforementioned blood parameters were also measured in a series of 15 patients with Meniere's disease. RESULTS: The patients with APV in the acute phase compared with the patients with Meniere's disease in the acute phase exhibited increased plasma levels of fibrinogen (mean, 338.3 +/- 135.9 SD vs 271.3 +/- 69.8 SD mg/dL, P = 0.05), increased plasma levels of D-dimer (mean, 320 +/- 207.8 SD vs 226.7 +/- 138.7 SD NG/mL), enhanced plasma levels of lipoprotein(a) (41.4 +/- 38.6 SD vs 16 +/- 18.2 SD mg/dL, F = 5.67, P = 0.02), high leukocyte count (9.1 +/- 2.7 SD vs 6.5 +/- 1.3 SD x 10(3)/microL; F = 8.42, P < 0.006), and low serum folate concentration (5.3 +/- 1.8 SD vs 7.1 +/- 2.7 NG/mg; F = 4.34, P = 0.04). During follow-up the prothrombin time was prolonged (F = 4.34, P = 0.04) and leukocyte count decreased (F = 7.39, P < 0.019) in the APV patients, whereas fibrinogen, D-dimer, lipoprotein(a), and folate were unchanged. CONCLUSION: Our results provide evidence suggesting an involvement of the hemostatic system in APV.
Subject Hemostatic

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