Istituto di Fisiologia Clinica     
Sambuceti G., Marzilli M., Fedele S., Marini C., L'Abbate A. Paradoxical increase in microvascular resistance during tachycardia downstream from a severe stenosis in patients with coronary artery disease. In: Circulation, vol. 103 (19) pp. 2352 - 2360. american heart association, 2001.
Background-The pathophysiology of microvascular response to a severe coronary stenosis has not been conclusively identified. The aim of this study was to characterize the human vasomotor response to pacing-induced ischemia of both the stenotic arterial segment and the distal microcirculation. Methods and Results-Sixteen patients with stable angina and single-vessel disease were studied. Blood flow velocity and transstenotic pressure gradient were monitored at baseline, after intracoronary adenosine (2 mg), and during ischemia induced by atrial pacing with and without adenosine. At the end of this protocol, the study was repeated after intracoronary phentolamine in 7 patients and after angioplasty in 9. Stenosis resistance was calculated as the ratio between mean pressure gradient and mean flow, and microvascular resistance as the ratio between mean distal pressure and mean flow; values were expressed as percent of baseline. Adenosine decreased (P<0.05) baseline microvascular resistance to 5217%, but not stenosis resistance. Pacing increased both stenosis and microvascular resistances (24496% and 16460% of baseline, respectively, P<0.05). Addition of adenosine to pacing decreased both stenosis (14396% of baseline, P<0.05 versus ischemia) and microvascular (5117% of baseline, P<0.05 versus baseline and ischemia) resistances. Phentolamine did not affect coronary resistance at any step of the protocol. Angioplasty and stenting restored a progressive decline in microvascular resistance during pacing (5119% of baseline, P<0.05 versus baseline). Conclusions-In patients with coronary artery disease, tachycardia-induced ischemia was associated with elevated resistance of both the stenotic segment and the microvasculature. Revascularization prevents this paradoxical behavior.
URL: http://circ.ahajournals.org/cgi/reprint/103/19/2352
Subject coronary disease
blood flow

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