Istituto di Fisiologia Clinica     
Clerico A., Caprioli R., Del Ry S., Giannessi D. Clinical relevance of cardiac natriuretic peptides measured by means of competitive and non-competitive immunoassay methods in patients with renal failure on chronic hemodialysis. In: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation, vol. 24 pp. 24 - 30. Kurtis, 2001.
Increased levels of cardiac natriuretic peptides in patients undergoing hemodialysis may be a marker of cardiomyopathy and in consequence may be suitable prognostic indicators for the risk of development of cardiac disease. We measured plasma levels of ANP, BNP, proANP1-98 and proBNP1-76 -related peptides with some competitive and non-competitive immunoassay methods in patients with renal failure on chronic hemodialysis in order to compare the analytical performances of these methods and to evaluate the clinical usefulness of each assay for patients with chronic renal failure. ANP and BNP values significantly decreased after hemodialysis (on average, ANP by 36% and BNP by 16%); while all proANP and proBNP values tended to increase, but only proANP1-30 (by 14.4%) and Nt-proBNP (by 9.5%) significantly. Although significant correlations were found among all the circulating levels of cardiac peptides studied, N-terminal pro-peptides correlated better among themselves than with ANP and BNP; ANP was only slightly correlated with all the other peptides, the only exception being BNP. Only BNP levels significantly increased according to the degree of ventricular hypertrophy and/or ventricular function in patients with chronic renal failure. The ANP assay is preferable in physiological and clinical studies for the rapid changes in atrial pre-load. BNP would be more useful in the follow-up of cardiac complications in patients with end-stage renal disease on regular hemodialysis. The assays of N-terminal proANP1-98 -and proBNP1-76 -related peptides proved to be of limited use, because they were not able to detect acute changes in pre-load during hemodialysis and were less useful than BNP levels as markers of ventricular hypertrophy and/or functional cardiac impairment.
URL: http://www.kurtis.it/it/riviste.cfm?rivista=jei&id=13&sezione=5
Subject Cardiac

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