PUMA
Istituto di Fisiologia Clinica     
Carluccio M. A., Soccio M., De Caterina R. Aspects of gene polymorphisms in cardiovascular disease: the renin-angiotensin system. In: European Journal of Clinical Investigation, vol. 31 pp. 476 - 488. blackwell, 2001.
 
 
Abstract
(English)
The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) plays a central role in cardiovascular homeostasis. Angiotensin is the key peptide of the RAS, and exerts its influence on the heart and blood vessels both through its haemodynamic effects (via its influence on after-load and pre-load and determining coronary vasoconstriction) and through its direct cellular effects (via its actions on cell proliferation). Numerous studies in the past 10 years have demonstrated that the pharmacological inhibition of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE), one of the two critical enzymes of the RAS, improves the outcome in patients with several cardiovascular disorders (hypertension, heart failure, ischaemic heart disease). These studies suggest a role of the RAS as a major determinant of cardiovascular risk. Recent data suggest that genetics may in turn contribute to modulating the effects of angiotensin on coronary vascular biology and ischaemia. This paper reviews the physiologic characteristics of the RAS and recent research developments related to angiotensin cell biology and pathobiology in heart disease. In particular, this review will cover the genetic aspects of RAS and their implications in cardiovascular disease.
URL: http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/pdf/10.1046/j.1365-2362.2001.00839.x
Subject research
cardiovascular
gene


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