Istituto di Scienza e Tecnologie dell'Informazione     
Bolognesi T., Accordino F. A layer on top of prolog for composing behavioural constraints. In: Software-Practice & Experience, vol. 28 (13) pp. 1415 - 1435. Wiley, 1998.
We propose an enrichment of the Prolog language based on the introduction of explicit notions of state variables and, most notably, of actions. The extended language, called co-notation, supports the formal, executable description of a wide variety of systems in a so-called ‘constraint-oriented style’: system behaviours are described as hierarchical compositions of constraints on actions and state variables. Elementary constraints include state invariants, referring to one or more state variables, and ‘active predicates’, involving one action and zero or more state variables. Compound constraints are encapsulated compositions of elementary and/or compound constraints, and represent partial views about the system behaviour. Constraint composition is also reminiscent of process composition in process algebra, but encompasses interaction both by rendez-vous and by shared variables.
Subject formal specification
requirements capture
process algebra
D.2.4 Software/Program Verification

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