Istituto di Scienza e Tecnologie dell'Informazione     
Das S., Sarkar F., Pinotti M. C. Distributed priority queues on hypercube architectures. In: 16th International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems (Hong Kong, 1996). Proceedings, pp. 620 - 627. IEEE, 1996.
We efficiently map a priority queue on the hypercube architecture in a load balanced manner, with no additional communication overhead. Two implementations for insert and deletemin operations are proposed on the single-port hypercube model. In a b-bandwidth, n-item priority queue in which every node contains b items in sorted order, the first implementation achieves optimal speed-up of O[min{log n, b(log n)/(log b+log log n)}] for inserting b pre-sorted items or deleting b smallest items, where b=O(n/sup 1/c/) with c<1. In particular, single insertion and deletion operations are cost-optimal and require O(log n/p+log p) time using O(log n/log log n) processors. The second implementation is more scalable since it uses a larger number of processors, and attains a 'nearly' optimal speed-up on the single-port hypercube. The insertion of log n pre-sorted items or the deletion of log n smallest items requires O(log log n)/sup 2/ time and O(log/sup 2/ n/log log n) processors. However, on the slightly more powerful pipelined hypercube model, we are able to reduce the time complexity to O(log log n) thus attaining optimal speed-up. To the best of our knowledge, our algorithms provide the first implementations of b-bandwidth distributed priority queues, which are load balanced and yet guarantee optimal speed-up.
Subject Computational complexity
Distributed priority queues,

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