Istituto di Scienza e Tecnologie dell'Informazione     
Sebastiani F., Straccia U. A terminological default logic. Internal note IEI-B4-54, 1992.
Terminological Logics are knowledge representation formalisms of considerable applicative interest, as they are specifically oriented to the vast class of application domains that are describable by means of taxonomic organizations of complex objects. Although the field of terminological logics has lately been an active area of investigation, few researchers (if any) have addressed the problem of extending these logics with the ability to perform default reasoning. Such extensions would prove of paramount applicative value, as for many application domains a formalization by means of monotonic terminological logics may be accomplished only at the price of oversimplification. In this paper we show how we can effectively integrate terminological reasoning and default reasoning, yielding a terminological default logic. The kind of default reasoning we embed in our terminological logic is reminiscent of Reiter's Default Logic, but overcomes some of its drawbacks by subscribing to the "implicit" handling of exceptions typical of the Multiple Inheritance Networks with Exceptions proposed by Touretzky and others.
Subject Knowledge representation
Knowledge acquisition
Multiple inheritance
Non-monotonic reasoning

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