Istituto di Scienza e Tecnologie dell'Informazione     
Cioni R., Giannini F., Paradiso C., Battistini N., Denoth F., Navona C., Starita A. Differences between surface EMG in male and female subjects evidenced by automatic analysis. In: Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, vol. 70 pp. 306 - 312. International Federation of Societies for Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology. Elsevier, 1988.
40 healthy volunteers (20 males and 20 females) have been studied by an automatic analysis of their surfaee EMG. The power density spectrum (PDS) of the electromyographic signal, derived from the tibialis anterior muscle, was used to evaluate the RMS values of the EMG developed during maximal voluntary (Vc) and evoked (Vm) contractions. The ratios between Vc, calculated over each of 5 frequency bands (5-15, 20-40, 45-70, 75-110. 115-160 Hz), and the total Vc have also been calculated. No significant differences emerge in the Vm values for males and females, whereas the Vc values for female subjects are found to be significantly reduced (P < 0.001) with respect to the corresponding values for males. Significant differences have also been found concerning the percentage distribution of power in the above mentioned frequency bands for men and women (P < 0.001). It can, thus, be hypothesized thal there are two different modalities of motor unit recruitment and that different sociological and cultural traditions may be more important in producing these differences than sexual1y determined physiological differences.
Subject EMG
Automatic Data Processing
Sex Differences
Muscular Contraction
Tibialis Anterior Muscle
J.3 Life and Medical Sciences

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