Istituto di Scienza e Tecnologie dell'Informazione     
Frosini G., Viterbo F. M. An algorithm for evaluating the frequency of a rotating vector. In: Ieee Transactions on Computers, vol. C-28 (8) pp. 560 - 566. IEEE, 1979.
In this paper we present a new algorithm for evaluating the frequency F of a complex signal, represented by a rotating vector. We consider the two components of the signal on the real and on the imaginary axis, and we suppose we have for each component a sequence of N samples uniformly spaced at intervals T. Each sample represents a value of the pertinent component of the signal corrupted by noise, and the noise is assumed to be an ergodic stochastic process having a Gaussian distribution. The presented algorithm is much less complex compared to existing algorithms, such as the FFT (in fact it requires (8N - 17 addition and two division to be performed). Because of the noise, the computed frequency is affected by errors. The error distribution is evaluated by simulation. It is found that the error mean is practically equal to 0, while, for signal to noise ratios of 6 - 12 dB, the error variance is of the order of 0.01 - 0.001 times the quantity 1/T. If compared with a similar algorithm previously presented for computing the frequency of a real sinewave, the algorithm presented here gives result that are 5 - 10 times more accurate.
Subject Complex sinewave
Error evaluation
Frequency evaluation
Noise effect
Sampled signal

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