|Rapparini F., Predieri S. Volatile constituents of Harrow Sweet pears by dynamic headspace technique. In: VIII International Symposium on Pear (Ferrara, Italy, 2002). Proceedings, vol. 596 pp. 811 - 816. ISHS, 2002.|
|Pear fruit possess highly distinctive flavor due to their specific volatile organic compounds. The present research was mainly aimed at characterising the volatile profile of 'Harrow Sweet', a fire blight resistant pear cultivar, by using the dynamic headspace method. Volatiles in the headspace of 2 L glass jars, each containing 600-800 g of sliced pear fruits, were trapped on graphitized carbon adsorbent traps, thermally desorbed and analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Over 80 compounds were detected at a wide range of concentrations and molecular weights. The volatile profile was characterised by compounds grouped as esters, aldehydes, ketones, alcohols and hydrocarbons. Esters comprised the largest portion (more than 80%) of volatiles emitted by the pear fruits. The decadienoate esters, which have been reported to be responsible for the 'Bartlett'-type flavor, were also detected. Changes in the headspace volatile constituents of 'Harrow Sweet' pears under different storage and ripening conditions were also analyzed in order to simulate consumer's in-house handling practices. A comparison with the volatiles released by sliced 'Bartlett' pears was also carried out.|
Pyrus communis L.
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