Istituto di Biofisica     
Cioni P., Gabellieri E. Protein dynamics and pressure: What can high pressure tell us about protein structural flexibility?. In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, vol. 1814 pp. 934 - 941. elsevier, 2010.
After a brief overview of NMR and X-ray crystallography studies on protein flexibility under pressure, we summarize the effects of hydrostatic pressure on the native fold of azurin from Pseudomonas aeruginosa as inferred from the variation of the intrinsic phosphorescence lifetime and the acrylamide bimolecular quenching rate constants of the buried Trp residue. The pressure/temperature response of the globular fold and modulation of its dynamical structure is analyzed both in terms of a reduction of internal cavities and of the hydration of the polypeptide. The study of the effect of two single point cavity forming mutations, F110S and I7S, on the unfolding volume change (ΔV0) of azurin and on the internal dynamics of the protein fold under pressure demonstrate that the creation of an internal cavity will enhance the plasticity and lower the stability of the globular structure.
DOI: 10.1016/j.bbapap.2010.09.017
Subject High pressur
Tryptophan phosphorescence
Protein dynamics
Protein structure
Protein cavities

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