Istituto di Biofisica     
Barbi M., Chillemi S., Di Garbo A., Reale L. Stochastic resonance in a sinusoidally forced LIF model with noisy threshold. In: Biosystems, vol. 71 (1-2) pp. 23 - 28. Elsevier, 2003.
In this report, the LIF neural model driven by underthreshold sinusoidal signals but with a gaussian-distributed noise on the threshold, is approximated by suitably defining an instantaneous firing (or escape) rate, which depends only on the momentary value of the voltage variable. This allows us to obtain, by analytically solving the relevant equations, the main statistical functions describing the "firing activity"; namely, the probability density function of firing phases and that of interspike intervals. From these functions two quantities can be derived, whose dependence on the noise intensity allows the Stochastic Resonance (SR) to be demonstrated. Besides the "regular" SR, the analysed system was found to produce, either for low frequencies and large amplitudes of modulation or for high modulation frequencies, resonance curves displaying two peaks. This bimodal feature of the resonance curves is accounted for on the basis of phase locked firing patterns.
DOI: 10.1016/S0303-2647(03)00106-0
Subject Stochastic Resonance
Leaky integrate-and-fire
Noisy threshold
Phase locking

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