Istituto di Biofisica     
Mascia L., Turchi G., Berni V., Ipata P. L. Uracil salvage pathway in PC12 cells. In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta-General Subjects, vol. 1524 (1) pp. 45 - 50. Elsevier, 2000.
The salvage anabolism of uracil to pyrimidine ribonucleosides and ribonucleotides was investigated in PC12 cells. Pyrimidine base phosphoribosyl transferase is absent in PC12 cells. As a consequence any uracil or cytosine salvage must be a 5-phosphoribosyl 1-pyrophosphate-independent process. When PC12 cell extracts were incubated with ribose 1-phosphate, ATP and uracil they can readily catalyze the synthesis of uracil nucleotides, through a salvage pathway in which the ribose moiety of ribose 1-phosphate is transferred to uracil via uridine phosphorylase (acting anabolically), with subsequent uridine phosphorylation. This pathway is similar to that previously described by us in rat liver and brain extracts (Cappiello et al., Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1425 (1998) 273; Mascia et al., Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1472 (1999) 93). We show using intact PC12 cells that they can readily take up uracil from the external medium. The analysis of intracellular metabolites reveals that uracil taken up is salvaged into uracil nucleotides, with uridine as an intermediate. We propose that the ribose 1-phosphate-dependent uracil salvage shown by our in vitro studies, using tissues or cellular extracts, might also be operative in intact cells. Our results must be taken into consideration for the comprehension of novel chemotherapeutics' influence on pyrimidine neuronal metabolism.
DOI: 10.1016/S0304-4165(00)00139-2
Subject α-Image -Ribose 1-phosphate
Pyrimidine salvage pathway
PC12 cell

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