Istituto di Biofisica     
Pinzino C., Capocchi A., Galleschi L., Saviozzi F., Nanni B., Zandomeneghi M. Aging, Free Radicals, and Antioxidants in Wheat Seeds. In: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 47 (4) pp. 1333 - 1339. American Chemical Society, 1999.
Free radical oxidative attack is considered a major cause of disruption and deteriorative changes observed in aged seeds. Antioxidant defense mechanisms may remove potentially damaging molecular species, and carotenoids may act as radical scavengers. The content of lutein, the major carotenoid in wheat seeds, was determined in the flours. It showed a rapid decrease during seed aging. In addition, the content of free radicals in glutens made from flours of wheat seeds after long-term storage was studied. The concentration of radicals appeared to be age dependent, because the highest content of radicals was detected between 13 and 15 years of aging over 36 years of storage. Specific spin labeling of the sulfhydryl groups of gluten proteins enabled comparative EPR studies of the rigidity of the protein chains. A progressive stiffening of polymeric gluten with seed storage was found.
DOI: 10.1021/jf980876d
Subject Wheat Seeds
Seed aging
Free radicals

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